16:49Halloween - Хэллоуин
Halloween - Хэллоуин
creepy - /ˈkriːpɪ/ - жуткий
monster - /ˈmɒnstəʳ/ - монстер
candy - /ˈkændɪ/ - конфета
fairy - /ˈfɛərɪ/ - фея
dark - /dɑːk/ - темный
spook - /spuːk/ - призрак
ghost - /gəʊst/ - привидение
skull - /skʌl/ - череп
witch - /wɪtʃ/ - ведьма
moon /muːn/ - луна
costume - /ˈkɒstjuːm/ - костюм
prank - /præŋk/ - шалость
fear - /fɪəʳ/ - страх
skeleton - /ˈskelɪtn/ - скелет
pumpkin - /ˈpʌmpkɪn/ - тыква
vampire - /ˈvæmpaɪər/ - вампир
bat - /bæt/ - летучая мышь
wig - /wɪg/ - парик
coffin - /ˈkɒfɪn/ - гроб
werewolf - /ˈwɪəwulf/ - оборотень
devil - /ˈdevl/ - дьявол
blood - /blʌd/ - кровь
mummy - /ˈmʌmɪ/ - мумия
scream - /skriːm/ - крик
broomstick - /ˈbrumstɪk/ - метла
black cat - черный кот
to carve a pumpkin - вырезать тыкву
haunted house - дом с привидениями
Adam: Halloween is nearly here. Amanda, do you like this holiday?
Amanda: I love it. It's so much fun to decorate the house, to go trick-or-treating. And you?
Adam: I like celebrating Halloween with my family and friends, but I think that this holiday is a little spooky.
Amanda: Oh, come on. It's only a funny holiday.
Adam: Yes, but do you know its origin and meaning?
Amanda: Not, really. For me it's just a funny holiday on the 31st of October, when we dress up in costumes and masks then go trick-or-treating. What else should I know?
Adam: Well, it is one of the oldest holidays of pagan origin, which falls on the last day of the Celtic calendar. This holiday was thought to honor the dead. Can you imagine that?
Amanda: How scary! I thought the day was celebrated to welcome the saints.
Adam: You're almost right. All Hallows Eve comes right before the All Saints Day, which is on the 1st of November. This holiday was created by Christians, who wanted to convert pagans.
Amanda: I see. That's good to know.
Adam: Another meaning of Halloween is to denote the end of summer. In Celtic culture this holiday was known as Samhain. It was celebrated annually on October 31st as a harvest festival with huge bonfires.
Amanda: I wonder, what else did they do on this day?
Adam: I don't know for sure, but I've read that many things on this day were based on superstitions. For example, people believed that the dead came back from their underworld and roamed the streets at night.
Amanda: That scares me. I will now be more careful on Halloween night.
Adam: Don't worry. It's just a superstition, which people made up themselves.
Amanda: What other superstitions did they have?
Adam: They believed that not all spirits were kind. So, they left some gifts and treats outside to pacify the evil.
Amanda: Why did they want to please the evil spirits?
Adam: To ensure rich crops next year.
Amanda: I see now where trick-or-treating comes from.
Adam: Exactly. This is how the custom originated.
Amanda: I don't know everything about old Halloween traditions, but I definitely like the modern ones. I like decorating the house inside and outside with candles, pumpkins, black cats, skulls, scarecrows, various monsters, etc. I also like the sight of jack-o'-lantern in front of nearly every house in the neighbourhood.
Adam: I agree. Halloween decorations are quite nice. Which costume are you going to wear this year?
Amanda: I've decided to dress up into an imp. How about you?
Adam: I'll be a pirate this Halloween. I have a special Jack Sparrow costume for this occasion.
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